Self-knowledge is a term used in psychology to describe the information that an individual draws upon when finding an answer to the question “What am I like?”.
While seeking to develop the answer to this question, self-knowledge requires ongoing self-awareness and self-consciousness (which is not to be confused with consciousness). Young infants and chimpanzees display some of the traits of self-awareness and agency/contingency, yet they are not considered as also having self-consciousness. At some greater level of cognition, however, a self-conscious component emerges in addition to an increased self-awareness component, and then it becomes possible to ask “What am I like?”, and to answer with self-knowledge, though self-knowledge has limits, as introspection has been said to be over-rated, limited, and complex.
Self-knowledge is a component of the self or, more accurately, the self-concept. It is the knowledge of oneself and one’s properties and the desire to seek such knowledge that guide the development of the self-concept, even if that concept is flawed. Self-knowledge informs us of our mental representations of ourselves, which contain attributes that we uniquely pair with ourselves, and theories on whether these attributes are stable or dynamic, to the best that we can evaluate ourselves.
The self-concept is thought to have three primary aspects:
The cognitive self
The affective self
The executive self
The affective and executive selves are also known as the felt and active selves respectively, as they refer to the emotional and behavioral components of the self-concept. Self-knowledge is linked to the cognitive self in that its motives guide our search to gain greater clarity and assurance that our own self-concept is an accurate representation of our true self; for this reason the cognitive self is also referred to as the known self. The cognitive self is made up of everything we know (or think we know about ourselves). This implies physiological properties such as hair color, race, and height etc.; and psychological properties like beliefs, values, and dislikes to name but a few.
My role here is to highlight the parts of you that might be affecting you but you are not aware! even doctors need doctors when it comes to treating themselves, just to have a different prospective about themselves that is coming from someone who can help them reaching that.
I wish you all good in your mental health life!